PROSPECTS OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION
Education is the bedrock for the development and creation of wealth, health, values, attitudes, knowledge and for the prospects of an individual in the society. Moreover, in the developing nation like ours the education should have a focus and orientation towards academic and vocational preparation of students for jobs involving applied science and modern technology. This education which we popularly know as technical education has become the need of the hour. The success of any country depends on the success of its technical education and as a giant attempt for the technological development and subsequent youth empowerment for the present and future generation.
The technical education in India is popular in its two forms, the Engineering Degree Course and the Polytechnic Diploma Course. Polytechnic can be shortly described as technical diploma course. The course comprises vocational education in the specialized streams of science, technology, engineering or any other technical subject. The duration of the course remains three or four years as per the branch. The major branches are Mechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Automobile Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Printing technology, Computer Science Engineering, Aircraft Maintenance Engineering, Fashion Designing, Fine arts, Mass Communication, Hotel Management, Computer Application, Interior Designing etc. The question now arises why to choose Polytechnic as a career. There are several reasons to take up the course as a career. Few of them are:
- The courses are offered for less fee structure comparing with Engineering
- Can be obtained after class 10 and avails early earnings
- Guarantees the job after the completion of course
- Many colleges also facilitate campus selections and the recruiters are of reputed companies.
- Practical knowledge with the industrial visits and industrial or technical exhibitions conducted by the colleges in different levels.
- Chance of qualification improvement as polytechnic facilitates the admission to B.Tech. 2nd year or 3rd semester, in most of the states.
- Less competitive path to the Engineering courses
- Provides self employment opportunities
- The courses guarantees minimum guaranteed income
- The project works of the courses or the colleges takenup, provide practical work experience which can also be useful during the employment.
With all its featured benefits polytechnic is a standing pillar in technical education.
The technical education in India has expanded multi fold substantial growth in last four decades. Today there are 1676 Polytechnic colleges and the number of Engineering colleges has reached to a massive figure of 7080. The Mission’s basic objective is to create a trained skilled manpower of at least 500 million persons by 2020.A mere quantitative growth was not sufficient. Government has taken and is taking loads of efforts on imparting quality education in all its technical institutions. The National Board of Accreditation(NBA), the NAAC, the ISO all have laid foundations for maintaining the technical quality standards. MHRD through its several schemes like the world bank projects keeps the Polytechnic colleges technologically upgraded with the state of art facilities.There are many other professional bodies and agencies who directly or indirectly support Polytechnic education like the Associate Membership of Engineers(AMIE), Indian Society for Technical Education(ISTE), Department of Science and Technology(DST) and the Computer Society of India(CSI), also have programs to support polytechnic education. The Polytechnic education system has witnessed an unprecedented expansion. The infrastructure in terms of physical facilities and equipment is worth about $1 billion at current prices. The newly booming programs like Digital India, make in India, Skill India, Start-up India have created a ray of hope for all technocrats. Students pursuing technical education and those who have successfully completed their degree or diploma courses now see a new horizon, a beyond imagination aura of dreams and targets to be achieved. Under all these support schemes by the government like the hackathon a student idea is not only encouraged, but cherished and pursued till its successful implementation towards the benefit of the individual and the society as a whole. Many student projects are sponsored, even the complete technical education of the student is funded by the government, what is needed from the students is a total devotion, dedication and commitment towards their goal. The All India Council for Technical Education is committed towards is Moto of ‘Yogah Karmah Kaushalam’, meaning ’Excellence in Action’, actions targeted for the development and empowerment of the Nation as whole.
Dr. Rajendra K. Patil
M.E.(Mech.) Ph.D.(Mechanical Engg.)